What is Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports (PBIS)?
What is PBIS?
It's a schoolwide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports Program (PBIS). It is the process and practices for supporting student behaviors at school.
Teaching Appropriate Behaviors to All Students.
PBIS practices are founded on the belief that all children can learn appropriate behavior. It is our school duty and responsibility to identify the environmental conditions that will enable appropriate behaviors. In addition the school provides appropriate supports to encourage positive changes in behavior.
It is best practices to intervene before targeted behaviors occur. If school educators intervene before behaviors escalate, the interventions are much more manageable and effective for students. Universal interventions in the early stages of implementation are effective for students who have high risk behaviors.
Use of a Multi-Tier Model of Service Delivery.
PBIS uses an efficient, needs-driven resource deployment system to match behavioral resources with student need. Instruction in the schools must be differentiated in both nature and intensity to support the students needs. Differentiating behavioral instruction for all students ensures a higher rate of success for the student. The PBIS model uses tiered models of service delivery.
PBIS uses Research-Based Interventions.
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requires the use of scientifically based curricula and interventions. The purpose of this requirement is to ensure that students are exposed to curriculum and teaching that has demonstrated effectiveness for the type of student and the setting. Research-based, interventions provide the best strategies that effectively support student learning.
Monitor Student Progress.
In order to determine if a student is improving educators need to monitor the student's progress. Assessment data can be collected to modify or make small changes in student behavior. In finding the correct intervention early, it supports the student at being more successful in supporting the student to make positive changes in behavior.
Decisions in PBIS practices are based on data. Decisions on what type of intervention a child receives depends on the type of student discipline referral. Decisions are made by ongoing collection of data on student behavior. Data is also collected whether the strategy used was effective or not to change a student behavior.
In PBIS, three types of assessments are used:
1) Screening of data by day, and per month for office discipline referrals.
2) Data by time of day, problem behavior, and location.
3) Progress monitoring to determine if the behavioral interventions are producing the desired effects.